Last week we inaugurated a new section of the blog dedicated to interviews, having the privilege of interviewing Moneditis. This week we bring you the second part of the post dedicated to enumerate the 2 Euro commemorative coins that were minted along last 2014.
The first country in this first post is Greece, although there are speculations nowadays that point out it might leave the Euro, until now a total of 10 Greek commemorative coins have been minted, two of whom were minted during 2014.
The first of these mints was dedicated to one of the most influential Greek artists, Domenikos Theotokopoulos known in the West as El Greco. Considered as one of the forefathers of the modernism and influence of many artists in the XX century.
The coin image shows one of the self-portrait of the artist, Portrait of an gentlemen. In the background a figure is shown typical from his art, illustrative of its technique, along with the year 2014 and the artist’s characteristic sign («Domenikos Theotokopoulos Epoiei»).
For the second commemorative coin minted along 2014, the 150 anniversary of the union of the Ionian Islands (in Greek: Ιόνια νησιά) was chosen. It is an archipelago of small islands in the waters of the Ionian Sea, in front of the Northwest coast of the continental and peninsular Greece.
Traditionally they are known as the “Seven Islands”, denomination represented in the coin with a seven pointed star with the inscription “150 ΧΡΟΝΙΑ ΑΠΟ ΤΗΝ ΕΝΩΣΗ ΤΩΝ ΕΠΤΑΝΗΣΩΝ ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ 1864-2014– ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ” ( 150º Aniversary of the Union of the Ionian Islands with Greece 1864-2014- Greek Republic)
This is a coin that ends up the trilogy of special coins dedicated to the change of throne in Holland, since the Queen Beatrix announced her abdication on the 28th of January 2013 in favour of her son Guillermo. This coin is the last of the coins with the portrait of the Queen Beatrix I of Holland, now the princess of the Netherlands. This and that they only minted 5 million of this coin, make it the most prized of the series.
The image in the coin shows the picture of the King Guillermo Alejandro of Holland on the foreground and the Princess Beatrix of Holland on the Background.
This is another of the most prolific countries in the mintage of 2 Euro commemorative coins. Last 2014 it bought us two new coins:
This coin is dedicated to one of the four armed forces in Italy, the Carabinieri. Squad with a very high historic importance in Italy since its foundation in Cagliari, in June 1814 by Vittorio Emmanuele I of Saboya, king of Sardinia.
The coin shows a reinterpretation of the sculpture "The Carabinieri patrol in the storm", work from Antonio Berti, along with the dates of the commemorated anniversary.
The reason for the second coin of 2014 was the commemoration of the 450 anniversary of the birth of Galileo Galilei. One of the most noted Italians of the Renaissance, considered the "father of modern astronomy", the "father of modern physics" and the "father of science".
The image on the coin shows a picture of Galileo Galilei along with one of his inventions, the lens telescope, preserved in the science museum of Florence.
Although Latvia was not part of the Euro until last 1st of January 2014, they did not miss the opportunity of mint commemorative coins. The reason selected for the first of them is the designation of Riga as European Culture Capital for that same year. Each year, the European Commission selects two countries which cities will compete in order to become the two European culture capital. In 2014, the European Culture Capitals where Riga from Latvia and Umeå from Sweden.
The coin shows the silhouette of Riga and the historic center of the city, that has been included in the list of places declared Human World Heritage by the UNESCO. The inscription “EIROPAS KULTURAS GALVASPILSETA” is translated as "Capital Europea de la Cultura".
Following the tendency of last years, Luxemburg did not lose the opportunity and minted two new coins during last 2014.
The first of the coins was dedicated to the commemoration of the 175 anniversary of the creation of Luxembourg as an independent state. Fact that had as starting point the Treaty of London in 1839.
The obverse of the coin shows on the right the picture of His Royal Highness of the Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg. On the left the dates 1839 2014 and “Lëtzebuerg” (Luxembourg), while in the inferior part it shows the inscription “Onofhängegkee0t 175 Joër” (175 years of independence).
This coin commemorates the 50 anniversary of the access to the throne by Juan of Luxembourg. Son of the Grand Duchess Carlota and the prince Félix of Borbón-Parma was converted in Grand Duke after his mother abdication in November the 12th 1964.
The image in the coin shows in the inferior part the figures of His Royal Highness the Great Duke Enrique and the Great Duke Juan, both looking leftwards.
They are also two the commemorative coins minted by Malta during 2014.
The same way Luxembourg did, Malta decided to use the coin of 2014 to commemorate the independence of the country, in this case the 50th anniversary of it. It is the fourth in the five coin series that commemorate the constitutionals hits in history of Malta: First Malta Elections(2011), Constitution of Malta(2012) and Malta Self-Government(2013).
The Police Force in Malta is one of the older police squads in Europe after being established in the beginning of the British colonial era in 1814.
For the image of the coin they just used the emblem of the Police Force of Malta along with the inscription of the anniversary.
Although in 2013 there was no Portuguese commemorative coin, it was not this the case of last 2014, year in which they decided to mint two coins.
The Imprensa Nacional-casa da Moeda (INCM) minted a coin to commemorate the “40th Anniversary of the Revolution of the 25th of April”, known as the carnation revolution. Fact that caused in Portugal the fall of the salazarist dictatorship that dominated the country since 1926.
The coin shows two waves that suggest the generic form of a carnation, flower that symbolizes the movement and that give itself name to the revolution along with the name of the country and its national shield.
The General Assembly of the United Nations in its 66th session declared officially 2014 as the International Year of Family Farming (AIAF) having as objective increase the visibility of the familiar agriculture and the small scale agriculture. Centring the world attention over its important part in hunger and poverty mitigation.
In the central part several basic tools used traditional in agricultural labours appear, along with a series of agricultural products.
The commemorative coins of San Marino are the most prized, due to its low volume of mintage. This is also the case with their 2014 commemorative coins.
The first of the coins is dedicated to the 500 anniversary of the death of Donato di Pascuccio d’Antonio o Donato di Angelo di Antonio, known as Bramante. He was an Italian painter and architect that introduced the style of the first Renaissance in Milan and the “High Renaissance” in Rome.
The 2 Euro coin, represents the face of Bramante and the temple of San Pietro in Montorio constructed following a plan from Bramante in the convent of San Pietro in Montorio (Rome).
The second coin is also a commemoration of a death. In this case the 90th anniversary of the death of Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini, Italian opera composer, considered between the greatest, from the end of the XIX century and beginnings of XX. The coin shows the face of Puccini.
The coin minted by Vatican City is dedicated to one of the more important facts of the end of last century, the fall of Berlin Wall, in the night between the 9th and 10th of November of 1989. Wall that remained standing for 28 long years becoming the symbol of the cold war.
The coin shows in the foreword some bricks of the partially knocked down Berlin Wall, with the text “XXV ANNIVERSARIO DEL CROLLO DEL MURO DI BERLINO 1989 2014″(twenty-fifth anniversary of the fall of Berlin Wall 1989 2014) written inside the bricks. In the whole leaved by the bricks an olive tree branch and a piece of barbed wire is shown. In the background the Brandenburg Gate is drawn as a symbol of unity.